USNS BOWDITCH T-AGS-21,
OCEANOGRAPHIC UNIT ONE
USNS DUTTON T-AGS-22, OCEANOGRAPHIC UNIT TWO
USNS MICHELSON T-AGS-23, OCEANOGRAPHIC UNIT THREE
- GENERAL INFORMATION APPLICABLE TO EVERY SHIP AND UNIT -
|COMBINED CREW ROSTER:|
A complete crew roster for the TAGS is under development. Click the thumbnail for the current version.
Simplified plans of a Victory VC2-S-AP3, the type from which Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson were converted.
|Superstructure and Forward Gun Platform|
|01 Level: Aft House, Boat Deck and Fo'c's'le Deck|
(Courtesy of Phil Brooks from the Red Oak Victory Museum.)
|Three Victorys have been preserved as maritime museums:||SS American Victory|
|SS Lane Victory|
|SS Red Oak Victory|
|TAGS vets have visited all three museums and their photos are posted here:|
|Cliff Wolff visited SS American Victory.|
|Bob Lord visited SS Lane Victory.|
|Phil Brooks visited SS Red Oak Victory.|
GENERAL PLANS AGS22
(Courtesy of Wayne "Rick" Hollis)
These blueprints represent ships' architecture and the OcUnit living and working spaces as of ca. November 1958, when the T-AGS were converted from Victory cargo ships to AGS ships. Annual yard periods resulted in changes to these spaces. A major yard period, ca. 1963, made significant changes to OcUnit working spaces.
|Plate No. 1: Title
Click to enlarge.
|Plate No. 2: General Information Data|
|Plate No. 3:
Cabin Deck - 02 Level
Bridge Deck - 03 Level - Survey Control Center
Top of House - 04 Level - "Old" NIC
|Plate No. 4:
Boat Deck - 01 Level - Officer's Mess
|Plate No. 5: Main Deck||(Missing print)|
|Plate No. 6: Outboard Profile|
|Plate No. 7: Inboard Profile||(Missing print)|
|Plate No. 8: Second
Deck and Stores Flat
Sick Bay, Hospital
|Plate No. 9: First
Platform and Machinery Flat
Photography Lab, ET Shop, Storeroom
|Plate No. 10: Hold
Gravity Meter Room
|Plate No. 11: Inner Bottom|
|Elevation cross-section of a
modified to represent conversion to a T-AGS-21,22,23. The capacious
cargo holds were converted to serve as working and berthing spaces for the
embarked Oceanographic Detachments (later, Units).
These spaces varied slightly between ships, and will have varied over the lifetimes of the ships.
This drawing is supposed to be generally representative of Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson ca. 1966-1972.
To my horror, I have actually forgotten the exact placement of the working and berthing spaces. In addition, each ship generally had a photo lab, gym, movie lounge, and storage space. CRS (Can't Remember Shit) syndrome has also cleared my memory of how many 'tween decks were in each cargo hold. Hopefully, help will arrive soon. The ships also had a "hospital", for emergency use, with, if memory serves (which it usually doesn't) about 12 rack-style beds, plus a basic operating room.
|NIC (Navigation Information Center) was the major OcUnit operations space on the 3rd Deck of No.3 Hold.|
|Sonar and HYDROPLOT (thanks to Chris Smoot for the correct space name) were the major OcUnit operations spaces on the 4th Deck of No.3 Hold.|
|Survey Control was the major OcUnit operations space on the 03 Level|
|Berthing for Navymen, Oceanographers and Tech Reps was on the 2nd Deck of No. 3 Hold. Additional berthing was on the 2nd Deck of No. 2 Hold, but I do not have sufficient info to draw a diagram. I believe that the OcUnit officers were usually berthed there.|
|Drawings will be added of each major configuration change over the lifetime of the program.|
|The ships were manned by four distinct groups or organizations. Details will have varied slightly from ship to ship and, probably significantly, over the lifetime of the program. These listings are for Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson during the period ca. 1966-1972.|
|MSTS (Military Sea Transportation Service), later MSC (Military Sealift Command).|
|See Carl Friberg's discussion of MSTS crew.|
|MSTS/MSC provided the Master (ships' Captain), ships' officers, and merchant marine crewman, all of whom were U.S. Navy civilian civil service employees. These men navigated and maintained the ship (this info is from Carl Friberg - see his complete commentary here).|
|Master (only on government owned ships is the Captain (Master) listed on the crew list.||1|
|1st Officer (Licensed as Chief Mate, MSTS preferred "Officer".)||1|
|2nd Officer (Licensed as Second Mate)||1|
|3rd Officer (Licensed as Third Mate)||1|
|First Assistant Engineer||1|
|Second Assistant Engineer||1|
|Third Assistant Engineer||1|
|Fourth Assistant Engineer||1|
|Three FWT ( Fireman Watertender)||3|
|Bos'n ( The Boatswain - Bos'n was ordinarily an Able Seaman)||1|
|Carpenter (ordinarily an Able Seaman)||1|
|Two ABMs ( Able Seamen Maintenance ) Day workers.||2|
|Six ABs ( Able Bodied Seamen ) - Watch Standers.||6|
|Three Ordinary Seaman||3|
|Second Cook and Baker||1|
|Galley man ( Messman level who worked in the galley)||1|
|Two Crew Messmen||2|
|Two Officers' Messmen||2|
|Two Utility Men (Messman entry level rating - made bunks, and cleaned rooms, and passageways.)||2|
|Radio Officer ( R/O )||1|
TOTAL (initial, see commentary):
|United States Navy:|
|The Navy manned an Oceanographic
Detachment/Unit, one for each ship, numbered One, Two and Three and embarked
aboard T-AGS-21, -22 and -23, respectively. The Oceanographic Units
provided the technical personnel to operate and maintain the electronics
navigation systems, sonar systems and gravitometric or magnetometric
This Navy contingent changed from a "Detachment", with an Officer in Charge, to a "Unit", with a Commanding Officer, sometime around May of 1966 ( see USNS Dutton CREW PORTRAITS AND ROSTERS ).
OcUnit Navymen stood around the clock watches to provide accurate updated navigation data and SASS sonar data to the NAVOCEANO oceanographers.
We generally had enough technical Petty Officer ratings, mostly ETs with a few STs and ICs, to fill out three or four watches while working regular 8-hour days at sea. In practice this varied so widely, based on the individual preferences of the Unit officers, and the whims of BuPERS, that it is difficult to generalize. At one time on Michelson, while I was an ET-1 and leading ET, we had only enough techs to man three watches--12 technicians total including myself, and we had lost our electronics CWO and ETC.
Check the Navy crew list at the end of the August 1967 "Dutton Drift". They did not have an electronics CWO, or a CPO. ET1 Galbraith would have been the leading ET. They had only 13 technicians, including Galbraith.
So with that variability in mind, here's the Navy manning for the period ca. 1966-1972.
|Unit CO (OIC when a Detachment), an LCDR Oceanographer||1|
|XO, a junior officer, ensign or LtJG||1|
|Electronics officer, a CWO||1|
|ETC, senior enlisted technician (sometimes ET1)||1|
|Enlisted technicians (mostly PO3Cs and PO2Cs, perhaps 2-3 PO1Cs), mostly ETs, a few STs and ICs, enough for 3 or 4 watches plus a few not assigned to watchstanding duties||16|
|Yeoman, YN2 or Personnelman PN2||1|
|Corpsman, HM1 or HMC||1|
|Photographer PH2 or PH1||1|
|Quartermaster QM *|
|* - The OcDETs carried Navy quartermasters until this rating was removed from the crew list with the advent of electronic navigation in ca. 1963.|
|Navy Oceanographic Office NAVOCEANO|
|Made the ocean bottom topography maps, and directed survey operations from Survey Control.|
|Civilian Technical Representatives.|
|Electronics engineers from General Instruments, Bunker Ramo, Sperry, perhaps others.|
GRAND TOTAL CREW: