USNS  BOWDITCH  T-AGS-21, OCEANOGRAPHIC  UNIT  ONE
USNS  DUTTON  T-AGS-22, OCEANOGRAPHIC  UNIT  TWO
USNS  MICHELSON  T-AGS-23, OCEANOGRAPHIC  UNIT  THREE

-  GENERAL INFORMATION APPLICABLE TO EVERY SHIP AND UNIT  -


COMBINED CREW ROSTER:
 
A complete crew roster for the TAGS is under development.  Click the thumbnail for the current version.
Crew_Roster.jpg (339998 bytes)

 

CONSTRUCTION:
  VICTORY VC2-S-AP3

Simplified plans of a Victory VC2-S-AP3, the type from which Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson were converted.
    Superstructure and Forward Gun Platform
    01 Level: Aft House, Boat Deck and Fo'c's'le Deck
    Main Deck
    Starboard elevation
   
Oblique Profile

(Courtesy of Phil Brooks from the Red Oak Victory Museum.) 

 
  References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_ship
http://www.ssredoakvictory.com/index.htm
 
     
  VICTORY MUSEUMS  
  Three Victorys have been preserved as maritime museums: SS American Victory
    SS Lane Victory
    SS Red Oak Victory
  TAGS vets have visited all three museums and their photos are posted here:  
     Cliff Wolff visited SS American Victory.  
     Bob Lord visited SS Lane Victory.  
     Phil Brooks visited SS Red Oak Victory.  

 

CONVERSION:
  BOOKLET OF GENERAL PLANS AGS22
(Courtesy of Wayne "Rick" Hollis)
These blueprints represent ships' architecture and the OcUnit living and working spaces as of ca. November 1958, when the T-AGS were converted from Victory cargo ships to AGS ships.  Annual yard periods resulted in changes to these spaces.  A major yard period, ca. 1963, made significant changes to OcUnit working spaces.
  Plate No. 1:  Title Page

Click to enlarge.
  Plate No. 2:  General Information Data
  Plate No. 3: 
Cabin Deck - 02 Level
Bridge Deck - 03 Level - Survey Control Center
Top of House - 04 Level - "Old" NIC
05 Level
  Plate No. 4:
Gun Platform
Foc's'l Deck
Boat Deck - 01 Level - Officer's Mess
  Plate No. 5:  Main Deck (Missing print)
  Plate No. 6:  Outboard Profile
  Plate No. 7:  Inboard Profile (Missing print)
  Plate No. 8:  Second Deck and Stores Flat
OcUnit Berthing
Crew's Lounge
Sick Bay, Hospital
  Plate No. 9:  First Platform and Machinery Flat
Hydro Plot
OcUnit Office
Photography Lab, ET Shop, Storeroom
  Plate No. 10: Hold
Gravity Meter Room
Sonar Room
  Plate No. 11:  Inner Bottom

 

OCUNIT SPACES:
Elevation cross-section of a VC2-S-AP3 Victory, modified to represent conversion to a T-AGS-21,22,23.  The capacious cargo holds were converted to serve as working and berthing spaces for the embarked Oceanographic Detachments (later, Units).

These spaces varied slightly between ships, and will have varied over the lifetimes of the ships.

This drawing is supposed to be generally representative of Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson ca. 1966-1972.

To my horror, I have actually forgotten the exact placement of the working and berthing spaces.  In addition, each ship generally had a photo lab, gym, movie lounge, and storage space. CRS (Can't Remember Shit) syndrome has also cleared my memory of how many 'tween decks were in each cargo hold. Hopefully, help will arrive soon. The ships also had a "hospital", for emergency use, with, if memory serves (which it usually doesn't) about 12 rack-style beds, plus a basic operating room.

 
OcUnit Spaces:
NIC (Navigation Information Center) was the major OcUnit operations space on the 3rd Deck of No.3 Hold.
Sonar and HYDROPLOT (thanks to Chris Smoot for the correct space name) were the major OcUnit operations spaces on the 4th Deck of No.3 Hold.
 
 
Survey Control was the major OcUnit operations space on the 03 Level
 

 
Berthing for Navymen, Oceanographers and Tech Reps was on the 2nd Deck of No. 3 Hold.  Additional berthing was on the 2nd Deck of No. 2 Hold, but I do not have sufficient info to draw a diagram.  I believe that the OcUnit officers were usually berthed there.
 
 
Drawings will be added of each major configuration change over the lifetime of the program.

 

THE CREWS:
The ships were manned by four distinct groups or organizations. Details will have varied slightly from ship to ship and, probably significantly, over the lifetime of the program. These listings are for Bowditch, Dutton and Michelson during the period ca. 1966-1972.
  MSTS (Military Sea Transportation Service), later MSC (Military Sealift Command).
    See Carl Friberg's discussion of MSTS crew.
    MSTS/MSC provided the Master (ships' Captain), ships' officers, and merchant marine crewman, all of whom were U.S. Navy civilian civil service employees. These men navigated and maintained the ship (this info is from Carl Friberg - see his complete commentary here).
    Master (only on government owned ships is the Captain (Master) listed on the crew list. 1  
    1st Officer (Licensed as Chief Mate, MSTS preferred "Officer".) 1  
    2nd Officer (Licensed as Second Mate) 1  
    3rd Officer (Licensed as Third Mate) 1  
    4th Officer 1  
    Chief Engineer 1  
    First Assistant Engineer 1  
    Second Assistant Engineer 1  
    Third Assistant Engineer 1  
    Fourth Assistant Engineer 1  
    Three Oilers 3  
    Three FWT ( Fireman Watertender) 3  
    Two Wipers 2  
    Chief Electrician 1  
    Second Electrician 1  
    Reefer Engineer 1  
    Machinist 1  
    Plumber 1  
    Bos'n ( The Boatswain - Bos'n was ordinarily an Able Seaman) 1  
    Carpenter (ordinarily an Able Seaman) 1  
    Two ABMs ( Able Seamen Maintenance ) Day workers. 2  
    Six ABs ( Able Bodied Seamen ) - Watch Standers. 6  
    Three Ordinary Seaman 3  
    Chief Steward 1  
    Chief Cook 1  
    Second Cook and Baker 1  
    Third Cook 1  
    Galley man ( Messman level who worked in the galley) 1  
    Two Crew Messmen 2  
    Two Officers' Messmen 2  
    Two Utility Men (Messman entry level rating - made bunks, and cleaned rooms, and passageways.) 2  
    Laundryman 1  
    Purser 1  
    Junior Purser 1  
    Three Yeoman 1  
    Radio Officer ( R/O ) 1  
   

TOTAL (initial, see commentary):

52  
         
  United States Navy:
    The Navy manned an Oceanographic Detachment/Unit, one for each ship, numbered One, Two and Three and embarked aboard T-AGS-21, -22 and -23, respectively.  The Oceanographic Units provided the technical personnel to operate and maintain the electronics navigation systems, sonar systems and gravitometric or magnetometric equipment.

This Navy contingent changed from a "Detachment", with an Officer in Charge, to a "Unit", with a Commanding Officer, sometime around May of 1966 ( see USNS Dutton CREW PORTRAITS AND ROSTERS ).

OcUnit Navymen stood around the clock watches to provide accurate updated navigation data and SASS sonar data to the NAVOCEANO oceanographers.

We generally had enough technical Petty Officer ratings, mostly ETs with a few STs and ICs, to fill out three or four watches while working regular 8-hour days at sea. In practice this varied so widely, based on the individual preferences of the Unit officers, and the whims of BuPERS, that it is difficult to generalize. At one time on Michelson, while I was an ET-1 and leading ET, we had only enough techs to man three watches--12 technicians total including myself, and we had lost our electronics CWO and ETC.

Check the Navy crew list at the end of the August 1967 "Dutton Drift".  They did not have an electronics CWO, or a CPO.  ET1 Galbraith would have been the leading ET. They had only 13 technicians, including Galbraith.

So with that variability in mind, here's the Navy manning for the period ca. 1966-1972.

    Unit CO (OIC when a Detachment), an LCDR Oceanographer 1  
    XO, a junior officer, ensign or LtJG 1  
    Electronics officer, a CWO 1  
    ETC, senior enlisted technician (sometimes ET1) 1  
    Enlisted technicians (mostly PO3Cs and PO2Cs, perhaps 2-3 PO1Cs), mostly ETs, a few STs and ICs, enough for 3 or 4 watches plus a few not assigned to watchstanding duties 16  
    Radioman, RM1 1  
    Yeoman, YN2 or Personnelman PN2 1  
    Corpsman, HM1 or HMC 1  
    Photographer PH2 or PH1 1  
    Storekeeper SK2 1  
    Quartermaster QM *    
   

TOTAL:

25  
    * - The OcDETs carried Navy quartermasters until this rating was removed from the crew list with the advent of electronic navigation in ca. 1963.
  Navy Oceanographic Office NAVOCEANO
    Made the ocean bottom topography maps, and directed survey operations from Survey Control.    
    Senior scientist 1  
    Oceanographers 11  
   

TOTAL:

12  
         
  Civilian Technical Representatives.
    Electronics engineers from General Instruments, Bunker Ramo, Sperry, perhaps others.    
         
    TOTAL: 7  
         
   

GRAND TOTAL CREW:

96